Religion and Politics: Links

Geoffrey Samuel

NEW!! 23rd March: Human Rights Watch and Z-Net links (see Section 5).

Suggestions for additions are always welcome.


  1. Religion - General
  2. Politics - General
  3. Christianity
  4. Islam
  5. September 11th, Afghanistan and Bin Laden
  6. Hinduism
  7. Sikh Religion
  8. Buddhism
  9. Sri Lanka: Buddhists and Tamils
  10. Religion in Australia

NOTE FOR SOCA2520 students: These links are provided as a resource for students on the University of Newcastle course SOCA2520 Religion and Politics in Contemporary Society. I do not necessarily endorse the views of the authors whose works you may find on these pages. As with books you might find in a library, use common sense and critical intelligence in evaluating any material you find on the Web.

Particularly in situations of conflict, websites are often heavily biased towards one or another side. Don't make the mistake of one of last year's students who copied out large slabs of neo-Hindu hate propaganda against the Muslims into her essay without realising what she was doing.

In any case, if you cite or use material from the Internet it should be properly referenced. The URL alone is not sufficient. For further information see How To Cite E-Text.

I have partially revised this page but haven't checked all the links yet so some may not work.

Some of the links below have been copied from A GUIDE TO RELIGIOUS STUDIES RESOURCES ON THE INTERNET by John L. Gresham.

1. Religion - General

General religion site (

Academic Info: Religious Studies and Comparative Religion has a large number of useful links. Among these are the Virtual Religion Index, described as "a tool for students with little time" and as "the best directory for the academic study of religion on the Internet," and and Finding God in Cyberspace: A Guide to Religious Studies Resources on the Internet which is described as providing "a selective listing of the best Internet resources of interest to religious studies scholars and students of religion"

The University of South Australia Library's page "Internet Resources on Religion" has a some useful resources, including databases and e-journals as well as a number of Australian links.

Indology website (UK)

New Religious Movements

Irving Hexham's Cults and Religion site (NURELWEB) at the University of Calgary

The University of Virginia has a page on Religion on the World Wide Web and also hosts the Religious Movements Homepage.

American Academy of Religion

The Internet Journal of Religion also incorporates the electronic journal of the British Association for the Study of Religions, Diskus (Journal of Religious Studies)

The ABC's web site is well worth a visit; look for the pages on religious programmes, often with full transcripts available on line.

ABC Radio National religion programmes (lists of past programmes, some transcripts) include Encounter, The Religion Report and The Spirit of Things.

Society for the Scientific Study of Religion

RELIGION & PHILOSOPHY at RICEINFO Comprehensive but unorganized links to all kinds of religious resources

The WWW Virtual Library seems to be rather weak on religion just at the moment, Buddhism aside, but it may be worth checking nonetheless (there used to be more material on it).

The Religion and Spirituality pages at Yahoo are a good organized collection of religion resources.

Wilfrid Laurier University (Waterloo, Canada) Department of Religion and Culture Religious Studies Internet Links

Internet Theology Resources, by School of Theology Major Areas (St Johns’s School of theology)

Internet Theology Resources, Spirituality (St Johns’s School of Theology)

A Baha'i view of fundamentalism and liberalism by Moojan Momen.

2. Politics - General

A good and easily accessible site on recent world politics, including the Middle East and India, is the website of the British newspaper The Guardian. Look for the Special Reports on particular areas. The Guardian provides intelligent and informed reportage, with more detail than any of the Australian press, and a general perspective somewhat to the left of any of them.

One of the better US papers is the Washington Post.

The ABC (Australia) and BBC (UK) sites are also worth looking at.

If any of you read French, the Le Monde and Liberation sites are excellent, especially for the Arab world and the Middle East, with detailed dossiers on the Afghan situation.

For material specifically on September 11th, Afghanistan and Bin Laden, see also below.

3. Christianity

Roman Catholic Resources

Some links for the Catholic Church in Australia and Oceania

Links from Aquinas Academy, Sydney

Anglicans Online News, information and documents related to Anglican Church of Canada, Church of England and Episcopal Church

Orthodox Christian Homepage Links to Patristic texts, lives of saints, liturgical texts, images of icons, and more.

World Council of Churches Homepage for W.C.C with links to many other denominational web sites.


Christian Fundamentalism in the U.S.A.

'What is fundamentalism?' by J.I. Packer (from the NURELWEB site)

Fundamentalism from the Religious Movements Homepage at the University of Virginia

William O. Beeman, "Fighting the Good Fight: Fundamentalism and Religious Revival"

A lecture on fundamentalism from an interesting course on Religious Life in the United States by Dr. Terry Matthews.

TeacherServe, a "curriculum enrichment service" of the National Humanities Center (U.S.), has a series of pages on American religion under the title "Divining America: Religion and the National Culture". These include an essay on 'The Rise of Fundamentalism' by Grant Wacker and some web-links to other resources on fundamentalism.

Pay a visit to the Bob Jones University website.

Archbishop Peter Jensen, the Anglican Archbishop of Sydney, recently spoke on fundamentalism : "I am not a fundamentalist, but I have a sympathy towards fundamentalism... modernity is worse than fundamentalism". For some background on the recent disputes between the conservative evangelical wing of the Anglican Church in Australia, as represented by Archbishop Jensen, and more progressive and liberal elements, see the transcripts on the Web of ABC's Four Corners report of 19th June 2000 ('An Unholy Row') and the Religion Report of 6th June 2001. The ABC's Religion Report archives also include an extended interview with Archbishop Jensen on 13th June 2001.


Liberation Theology

Most of the following links (and the comments on the encyclicals) are taken from the Internet Modern History Sourcebook: 20th Century Latin America

Gustavo Gutierrez: Solidarity: The Victory of Life, homily on Death of Romero, [At APC]

Straight Talk on Shining Path and the Catholic Church in Peru, 1992 [At csrp]

Phillip Berryman: Church and Revolution, NACLA Report on the Americas, March/April, 1997 [At WHA]

Are liberation theology and feminism compatible? [At UMR] On a clash between US Feminist and Liberation theologians.

Pope Paul VI: Populorum Progressio: The Development of Peoples, 1967 [At] "Probably the most radical encyclical ever issued. Vigorously anti-liberal capitalism, Paul VI is mistaken as a "conservative" by those who think only of his teaching on contraception."

Pope John Paul II: Opening Address at the Puebla Conference, 1979 [At] "Far more worried than Paul VI about correct doctrine, but not opposed to social justice."

Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith Instruction on Certain Aspects of "Theology of Liberation", August 6, 1984 [At New Advent]

Palestinian Liberation Theology

Liberation Theology and Liberal Religion Links

More Liberation Theology

Inter-Church Committee on Human Rights in Latin America

4. Islam

A wide range of Islamic pages can be found on the Yahoo Islam links page.

Dunya CyberMuslim: The Guide to Islamic Resources on the Internet. Hypertext guide to resources relevant to Islamic, Middle Eastern, Arabic studies.

Haqqani Foundation Homepage includes material on Sufism.

Islam on has some useful resources, including views of the war against Afghanistan from Muslim and other non-Western sources.

Towne Islamic resources

IslamiCity in Cyberspace

Hazem Nasereddin's home page

Resources on Islam


Islamism or Islamic Fundamentalism?

Two Muslim writers objecting to the label "fundamentalism" being used in relation to Islam: Ilyas Ba-Yunus and Macksood Aftab. There are some references and further links on this topic on my Fundamentalism, East and West page, including another article by Aftab.

There are some useful essays on the Social Science Research Council (U.S.)'s page After Sept. 11: Perspectives from the Social Sciences: see particularly the section on Fundamentalisms, which includes essays by Robert Hefner, Barbara Metcalf, Haideh Moghissi, Olivier Roy and others.


Islam and Women

There are a lot of sites on Islam and women on the internet, most of them sites by Muslims with articles countering Western criticisms and informing Muslim women about their rights and duties (for some examples see here, here, here, here and here). One of the more interesting of these is at This includes articles by Muslim women, including some Western converts, critical of how Muslim men behave towards women in practice and arguing the need for change.

A webpage called About "Women in Islam" - A Resource Guide lists many pro-Islamic sites but also more critical material - I am not sure how up to date the links here are, because the author says it was compiled in 1996.

The Women Against Fundamentalism site includes the text of the WAF journal which includes a number of articles on Islam and women - the emphasis here is more critical.

5. September 11th, Afghanistan, Bin Laden

The Guardian provides a chronology of events since September 11th here and the Daily Telegraph (a more conservative UK paper) provides another chronology here.

Stuart Schaar, Professor of Middle East History at Brooklyn College, has a web site which "offers Middle East and South Asian background" to September 11th, including Robert Fisk's account of his meeting with Osama Bin Laden (Part One and Part Two) and the transcript of the PBS Frontline programme Hunting Bin Laden (this can also be found on the PBS site here and in various other places). Frontline also has an interesting biography of Osama Bin Laden.

The September 11th Tragedy: Anthropological Resources is a web page created by the Middle East Section of the American Anthropological Association with a large number of links to resources. The emphasis is on understanding Middle Eastern and Islamic societies and cultures. You will find links to a couple more articles on Bin Laden here, by Karen Armstrong and William O. Beeman, and to an an interview with Barnett Rubin on Afghanistan, the Taliban and US policy, as well as many other things.

Iqbal Siddiqui presents a Islamist perspective on Bin Laden here.

The New York Review of Books for January 17th, 2002 had some interesting articles which are available on-line, including Avishai Margalit and Ian Buruma on "Occidentalism" and Hassan Mneimneh and Kanan Makiya's discussion of the motivations of the September 11th attackers, "Manual for a 'Raid'".

Afghanistan Online has some useful background material, as does

The BBC provides a useful guide to Afghan powerbrokers, and Asia for Visitors also has a Who's Who in Afghanistan. Another guide to Afghan leaders and factions can be found at

Whitney Azoj, an American anthropologist who worked in Afghanistan and wrote a book on the Afghan national game, buzkashi, has an interesting series of articles on the Afghan crisis in the Bangor Daily News. He also explores the relevance of buzkashi to present-day Afghan politics in an article in Wabash Magazine. There are also some interesting articles by and about the American historian Nancy Dupree: see the Sydney Morning Herald here and The Guardian here.

Azadi Afghan Radio interviewed the distinguished French scholar of Afghanistan, Olivier Roy, in November 2000 and in an article in Le Monde last December (in French) he discusses the links between Osama Bin Laden and the Taliban leader Mullah Omar. Olivier Roy also has an essay on the Social Science Research Council (U.S.)'s pages After Sept. 11: Perspectives from the Social Sciences (see previous section).

There is a bibliography on Osama Bin Laden here, another on al-Qaida here, and one on the Taliban here.

Stan Goff's article "The So-Called Evidence is a Farce," which suggests that the September 11th attacks provided an excuse for Bush and his associates to pursue a war against Afghanistan which was really motivated by their oil interests, can be found on-line at several places including here. The San Francisco Indymedia site has an interview with Goff - on the same page you will also find links to other articles critical of US policy. Michel Chossudovsky's Centre for Research on Globalisation in Canada has similar material, including a number of articles which suggest (as does Goff) that Bush and other senior members of his cabinet knew the attack on September 11th was coming. Chossudovsky's own articles, "Who is Osama Bin Laden?" and "Cover-up or Complicity of the Bush Administration?" may be worth a look. Nina Burleigh's article "Bush, Oil and the Taliban" can be found at the site.

The Media Education Foundation's page Beyond the Frame: Alternative Views on the September 11th Atrocities presents streaming video featuring America's leading dissident thinkers and activists, including Naomi Klein, Noam Chomsky, Nawal el Saadawi, and others. Noam Chomsky gave a lecture in Chennai (Madras) on Nov. 10, 2001 entitled "September 11th and Its Aftermath: Where is the World Heading?". For an exchange of articles between Noam Chomsky and Christopher Hitchens, see here. More material by Chomsky here. You can find a recent interview with Chomsky by Suzy Hansen of here.

Another selection of Chomsky's articles, along with a variety of other useful articles, can be found at Z-Net. Look especially at the page of Terror-War Links Since Sept 11. Robert Fisk's piece on Mullah Omar can be found here, for example, along with Richard Tanter's Pipeline Politics: Oil, Gas and the US Interest in Afghanistan.

Human Rights Watch gives a series of reports on the human rights situation in Afghanistan before and after the defeat of the Taliban, suggesting that despite the coverage in the mainstream press things have not necessarily improved, particularly for Pushtun ethnics in areas controlled by the Northern Alliance. In this connection, the Revolutionary Association of Afghan Women (RAWA) website may also be of interest; this is an alternative address. For a recent article, originating from RAWA, on the state of women in Kabul after 'liberation,' see here.

The same Human Rights Watch page also documents world-wide repression and reduction of human rights in the name of the anti-terrorism campaogn.

6. Hinduism

There are several good weekly Indian news magazines with webpages, such as India Today, The Week and Frontline, which give detailed information on South Asian developments from an Indian perspective. Newspapers such as the Hindustan Times and Times of India may also be worth a look, as is All India Radio's home page and the independent news site

The Hinduism Online site in the USA includes the magazine Hinduism Today - the back issues of this journal are often worth looking at. The perspective is pro-Hindu but not necessarily aligned with the Hindu Right.

Hindu Tantrik Home Page is a British/U.S. page with Tantric texts - more useful if you already know something about the subject.

The Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution (The National Museum of Asian Art For the United States). This often has interesting exhibitions on-line - for example, there is currently (July 2000) a detailed guide to Hindu Pujas.

The Hindu Universe

Malory Nye has an Indian Religions's page at the University of Stirling.

Local Hindu temples include the Sydney Murugan Temple near Parramatta and the Sri Venkateswara Temple, Sydney which is in Helensburgh, north of Wollongong. See also Tamilnet Australia on Hindu Temples in Australia and Overseas. Vasudha Narayanan's Home Page has material on Hindu temples in the U.S.A.

The Kumbh Mela Home Page : Hindu Pilgrimage in Contemporary India.

7. Sikh Religion

Khanda: Resources on Sikhism

The Sikhism Home Page

Sikhism at Sikh.Net

Council of Khalistan, Washington, DC, with recent news on Khalistan from a Sikh viewpoint.

8. Buddhism

The web page for the International Association of Buddhist Studies (IABS) can be found at the Department of Oriental Languages and Cultures, University of lausanne

Buddhist Web Sites Around the World (from Singapore)

The Australian site Buddhanet (Buddhist Information Network) also includes a Buddhist Australia Directory, a Buddhist Asia Directory and a file library.

The Dharma Electronic File Archive is at

Snow Lion (Buddhist bookshop and publisher in USA, Tibetan emphasis, good mail-order service) is at

Buddhist Studies WWW Virtual Library

The Mind-Only Café

Buddhist Bibliography

Journal of Buddhist Ethics - JBE. You may access the JBE either in USA at or in the UK at

Tricycle is a glossy US Buddhist magazine with intelligent articles, some of them on-line. They are not aligned with any particular Buddhist group.

Shambhala Sun is another glossy US Buddhist magazine with specific links to the Buddhist organisation founded by the late Tibetan lama Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche, but they also have material of general interest.

An Introduction to Buddhist Theravada Teachings can be found at

There are some resources for the Study of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism at

Friends of the Western Buddhist Order This is a Western Buddhist organisation with links to the Ambedkar Buddhists.

For more Buddhist and Tibetan links see my Buddhist links page.

9. Sri Lanka: Buddhists and Tamils

Pro-Sinhalese Sites



Voice of Lanka

SPUR - Society for Peace, Unity and Human Rights for Sri Lanka (an Australian Sinhalese site)

Pro-Tamil Sites

Tamil Eelam Home Page

Tamil Nation


10. Religion in Australia

The National Library of Australia has a webpage on "Australian Religion and Beliefs on the Internet" which leads to pages of links (lots of them, and not very organised) on Christianity and on Non-Christian Faiths (including Astrology, New Age and Atheism!).

The University of South Australia Library's page "Internet Resources on Religion" has a number of Australian links.

The Open Directory Project has a page of links on Religion in Australia.

VICNET has a page on Religion, with an emphasis on Victoria. has a page which gives statistics from the 1996 census on religious affiliation in Australia.

Home Page

GBS updated 23/03/2002