The Kutthung, or Kattang, dialect was spoken amongst the Australian Aborigines living along the southern bank of the Karuah river and the south shore of Port Stephens, New South Wales, Australia.


It was at one time spoken amongst the tribes lying between Port Stephens, West Maitland and Paterson.

The adjoining tribes were the Gummigingal, inhabiting the territory on the north shore of Port Stephens and the Karuah; the Warringal, living between Telegherry and Pipeclay Creeks; the Warrimoo, living between Telegherry Creek, Port Stephens, the Sea Shore and the Hunter River; the Garawerigal between the Myall River and the sea shore; the Yoerunggal, about the Myall Lakes; the Birrimbai, in the neighbourhood of Bungwall Flat; and the Birrooggal, on the Myall River.

VOCABULARY OF THE KUTTHUNG LANGUAGE.

The words in the following vocabulary have all been spelt phonetically and the translation of them into English is given as literally as possible. In some instances the English word will be found to have two equivalents in the Kutthung. This I think has been caused by tribes coalescing, as their numbers dwindled away and tribal boundaries were destroyed before the march of civilization. By this means each new addition to the tribe would inevitably mean a slight change to the language. The reader will please note that "d" and "t" are interchangeable as also are "g" and "k".

 

Kutthung ... English

Beo-yur ... father

Ber-ri-nun ... the teal

Boor-i ... baby boy

Broo-ee-gee ... to swim

Boor-i too-kal ... boy lit. big baby

Broo-ee-gal ... whip snake

Bit-thee ... old woman

Bung-hi ... today noun

But-ton ... black

Buk-oo-ee ... meat

Bur-ra ... white or lightly coloured

Bud-geo la ... bit-past tense

But-too ... smoke

But-tig-yeo ... wattle tree

Bur-ri ... earth territory belonging to a tribe

Bur-roo-ma ... mahogany

Bin-dul ... heard

Be-lorn ... stingaree

Bee ... the wrist

Bun-yee ... to strike

Buk-a ... the knee

Bunn-yil-la ... struck

Bar-ra-kun ... returning boomerang

Boo-ba ... to lie down

Bur-rid ... the wallaby

Bur-rung ... red

Book-ut ... bandicoot

Boo-mer-i ... grass tree

Bul-boo ... kangaroo rat

But-teo-yuk ... white ant

Bir-rum Bir-ra ... birds nest fern

Bee-num-ba ... your

Boo-ra ... short

Bum-ba-la ... married - past tense

Bir-rin ... wide

Boon-dhoe ... a club used both for throwing and striking

Bir-roon ... to break

Bool-goo bur-ri ... A drought lit. dry earth

Bin-dhee ... stomach

Boo-larng ... together

Bur-rin ... a net

Boon-ma ... to steal

Buk-a Buk-a ... savage

Bee-ram-mer ... marks made on the body of the initiate

Bur-oo-lit ... rosella parrot

Buk-a ... angry, to quarrel

Bun-bee-al-la ... to drop on ground

Bur-run-gee ... the native squirrel

Bum-bee wut-ta ... to make fire

Boom-be-ra ... the testicles

Boo-tonk ... soft, smooth

Bir-ree-wel goo-ran ... weak lit. not strong

Boon-ma ... quiet

Bar-koon ... a coward

Bit-yee ... to drink

Bir-ree-wel ... brave

Ba-rel-la ... a fly

Boo-i ... breath

Bur-rin ... a net

Bing-hi ... youngest brother

Boon-ger-al ... a fight

Bool-bung ... the larger circle at the keeparra ground

Bot-yee ... to carry

Boon-da-gee ... to swallow

Bar-ro-wa ... a large bullroarer used in keeparra ceremony

Ba-ra ... down

Ban ... aunt

Bort-la ... food

Booda-gee ... to swallow

Bil-lin ... yellow

Bee-rang ... very

Bee-yar Goo-ran ... fatherless

Bun-da-lee-la ... cut

Bur-rub-ba ... my

But-thoon ... a dilly bag

Buk-kin ... half

Bir-roo-yen ... fish-hook

Boo-oe-buh ... to copulate

Bil-lung-ree ... the black oak tree

Boor-rool ... heavy

Bun-ga Bug-gun ... flock pigeon

Bool-gee ... dry

Bor bor ... a circular piece of bark used as a flying target

Boor-ro-wang ... female of the Macrozamia

Bul-lo-ra ... two

Bul-lo-ra wok-kool ... three

Bul-lo-ra Bul-lo-ra ... four

Bul-lo-ra bul-lo-ra wok-kool ... five

Ba-ra ... they, them, those

Ba-loe ... to

Bar-in-gin-da ... their

Bar-in-gin-in-da-wee ... these

Din-na ... the foot

Doon-ga ... the right arm

Doo-kal or too-kal ... great, big, large

Doon-dee ... small coolamon

Dir-ra ... a tooth

Doon-git ... carpet snake

Dut-tee ... dead

Doon-ge-ra ... pelican

Doo-nong ... the eel

Dur-ra-ra ... dry

Dun-yoe ... eat

Dhur-ra ... the leg

Dhap-pee ... the chin

Doo-mu ... to keep

Dhun-barn ... strong

Dun-gee ... to lie

Dhur-oo-bal-lee ... to leak

Dhum-but ... thirsty

Dun-ga ... to shew

Doon-gal ... tears

Dhuroo-gal-lee kun -go-ra ... to bleed (lit. to leak blood)

Dhir-ra-bwoe ... oyster

Dhee-ra ... a branch

Dundul ... between

Darn-dee ... on this side of

Dhub-ba ... whilst

Dir-reo Dir-ree ... rough

Doo-ping ... a mosquito

Dip-oon-ga ... a stone used for sharpeing shell fish-hooks

Dheo-ka ... the native companion

Dhur-i-ee ... thin

Duldee ... to kick

Dhook-ken ... to rise

Dool-bee ... a pointer consisting of a stick lashed crosswise to an upright and pointing in the direction that people have gone

Dhal-gi ... a minor initiation ceremony

Dir-raw ... a rib

Doo-kal-la ... a lot, great many

Droo-al-ung ... speared

Dun-dul-la ... narrow

Dhee-wee ... the navel

Doo-roong ... brown

Dung-ga ... the vagina

Dhoo-ree ... straight

Doo-wa-kee ... to search

Doon-ga ... to know

Dhir-roo-la ... dangerous

Dhur-roo-me-ree ... a rainbow

Dil-ling ... also

E-goo-ba ... this

Ek-u-ba ... good-bye

Ga-roo-wa ... sea

Go-0n ... mangrove tree

Gool-ge-ree ... a few

Goo-la ... the native bear

Ga-long ... going

Gum-ml ... a spear

Gool-ga ... a penis

Ga-lun-gun ... the green tree-snake

Goo-ba ... of

Gun-gul-ba ... black comorant

Ga-ra ... the schnapper

Gra-bun ... groper (a fish)

Gur-ra wur-ra ... jew fish

Gur-um-boe ... white gum

Goo-oo-weo ... shark

Gir-um-bit ... salt water

Gir-ra-gar ... honey

Gip-pee ... wet

Goo-jee ik koo ... come here (the expression of greeting used among the Kutthung)

Goo-ra ... long

Goo-nood ... old

Goo-roo-mul ... young

Gul-lu ... cheeks

Gur-ri ... to choke

Ghin-doo-ee ... turkey

Gir Gir ... king parrot

Goo-wok ... hard

Gun-ya ... hut

Goo-bree-gi ... hungry

Goo-rum-ba ... to tell lies

Gool-bee ... a noise

Gra-hi-na ... to steal

Gir-ru ... alive

Gun-gil-lee ... to weep

Gir-ree-boo ... to lose

Goo-ee-wut ... shower of rain

Gur-rel-bool-lin ... to dig

Goo ... him

Gool-ga ... pathway leading from Boolbung to Goonumbung

Goo-lum-bra ... the first man, now the presiding genius of Keeparra

Goo-nan-duk-yer ... (lit. stercuns humanum edens) the small bullroarer

Goon-da-ree ... the apple tree (angophora)

Gir-ree-poot ... spotted gum

Gir-rum-bo ... dying

Gir-rung ... green (unripe)

Goor-rum-bal-in ... no gammon

Gir-rungh ... a leaf

Gul-bee-mee-nung ... silent

Gun-dim-mur-ra ... barbed spear made of hard wood

Gut-ta-la ... was or have been

Gun-yee ... shall or will

Goo-reel ... the large shield

Goo-ge-ree ... hut

Gub-bee-rung ... from the direction of

Gwa (also kwa) ... a suffix indicating among

Goo-ar ... a tribe

Gun-den-wi ... the flying fox

Goo-ran ... no, not

Gur-rool ... perspiration

Gin-du ... whilst

Jik--ker-a ... white ironbark

Kit-chung ... hair

Kidn ... woman

Koor-ee ... man

Koo-noong ... old man

Koong-un ... flood

Koo-ewe-wun ... summer

Kir-ra-kur-ra ... autumn

Koor-ra ... night

Kee-wong ... moon

Kun-ge-ra ... blood

Kree-pun ... spotted gum

Kur-ree-kl ... myrtle

Kee-la ... to micturate

Koo-yuk ... canoe

Kur-run-gl ... black duck

Kow-wer-ree ... brown snake

Kow-al-ga-lit ... diamond snake

Kur-roon-gee ... to jump

Kur-roo Dur-ree ... fast

Kur-ra-ka ... mouth

Kut-yee ... to cut

Kut-ta ... to drop out of your hand

Kok-a-too ... cuckatoo

Kut-ta-ra ... fast

Kur-rup-pa ... loins

Kur-run-gee ... a fool

Kur-roo-ma ... to climb

Kut-ti ... to go

Ky-in-dub-ba ... on this side of

Kup-po-ee ... an egg

Kup-poon-dee ... hut

Kun-ni ... a yam stick

Ko-kee-dun ... come here

Kil-lung ... a feather

Kup-po ... bye and bye

Kur-ia-gun ... soon

Koo-ye-roo ... a bone used for combing the hair

Kur-re-ki ... bush myrtle

Koon-dool ... root of a tree

Kun-da ... a birds nest

Kur-re-kee ... to fetch, to carry

Koot-thee wit-tee ... to sing

Krum-moon ... clouds

Kor-oo-ba ... the fortiscue fish

Kee-par-pa ... the initiation ceremony of the Kutthung

Kit-tee ... the large coolamon

Koot-the-ra ... a nullah or club

Kin-yarngh ... pleased

Koom-ba ... to-morrow

Koom-bug-ga ... day after to-morrow

Kur-reel-la ... drowned

Ky-in-goo ... over

Kow-wan ... uncle

Kut-thumb ... to spit

Ka-pee ... to throw

Khir-roodn ... itching

Koo ee-puk-kee ... to smell

Kup-paw ... stop

Koo-la-hee ... to snare

Kyin ... across

Koop-pal-ee-n ... runs

Mir-ree ... dog

Mur-re-kun ... girl

Mich-ee-gan ... little girl

Mul-boo ... thunder

Mun-ni ... star

Mut-te-ra ... hand

Mik-kong ... the eye

Mur-rook ... good, happy

Mur-rung ... nice, beautiful

Mun-um-ba ... red gum tree

Mun-nung ... sand

Mil-lhin ... mud

Mun-noog ... a hill

Mun-yil-la ... gave

Ma-ming ... to take

Mur-roo-ma ... to make

Ma-ril-la ... caught

Ma ... the finger

Mit-tee ... small

Mur-ro-ma-la ... made

Min-a-go ... why

Mut-too ... black snake

Moo-nul-gook ... death adder

Mim-mo ... blind

Mur-ra-lin ... climbing

Mur-rom-boo ... thank you

Min-ya-po ... something

Ma-poo ... widower

Mahl-gun ... a spider

Ma-koom-bal-lin ... nodding the head

Mak-ree ... porcupine

Muk-kee muk-kee ... lazy, useless

Moo-ree-ung-gub-ba ... how far

Mut-tuk ... the fishing spear

Muk-kun ... small species of lizard

Mug-gin ... a bulb found growing with wild potatoes

Mur-reen ... a star

Mit-tuk ... sore

Mur-rin ... sharp

Mur-ra-yung ... don't go

Mil-lin Mil-lin ... a swallow

Mah-poon-gun ... a window

Mi-kin ... a long time ago

Mi-poo-yoo ... a mullet

Mi-oe ... the point of a spear

Num-ba ... suffix signifying "at"

Na-ya ... mother

Nut-yoon ... fresh water

Nur-rin ... eldest sister

Nun-na ... elbow

Nim-bik ... bone

Narng ... nose

Nur-ree-an ... ear

Noo-ree-on ... hat

Nut-wa ... I

Noo-a ... he

Nyee-un ... us (we)

Noo-ya ... to ask

Na-na ... who

Na-na yoe ... who there lit. what who are you

Na-num-ba-yee ... whose

Noo-k wum-ba ... his

Noon-gum-ba ... her

Noo-koo-wom ba ... that

Nup-pun ... breasts (female)

Nup-pung ... milk

Nun-doo ... grass tree

Nyee-hu ... yes

Nur-run ... a hole

Nah-ka ... to see

Nur-rowin ... the lyre bird

Nur-roon ... kidneys

Noo ree ... noisy

Nur-ra ... a camp

Nap-poo ... sleep

Nuj-ee-leo-la ... possessed

Nur-ren ... the leg

Yu-ya ... at once

Nook-kil-la ... to swap

Nur-ro-win ... flat piece of country

Nuj-ee-roo ... a small bag for holding pieces of colourless quartz given to initiates

Nun-na-yook ... there

Noon-ghee ... nephew

Noon-gha-gun ... niece

Na-ya God-ran ... motherless

Nyee Nyee ... merry

Nut-ta ... shallow

Noot-ta ... to taste

Nur-run-gee ... remember

Noo-ka ... give

Oo-pik kee ... to send

Pur-ru-pa ... a hut

Pook-kul ... a knot

Poor-roo-pung ... smooth

Poo-ee-pir-ra ... tired

Poo-pur-ra ... close

Ping-gun ... lightning

Por-oo-look ... a flea

Pup-puh ... close

Too-ra-kee ... at

Tur-roo-ka ... hand of stone tomahawk

Too-toong ... narrow

Tu-ree ... the fighting boomerang

Tuk-ke-ra ... cold

Tul-lun ... the tongue

Ta-ral-lee ... hail

Too-kee War-ree ... soon

Too-kun ... the sun

Too-mul-la ... a creek

Tuk-kut ... a perch

U-lit-tin ... after

Wun-da ... where

Wol-long ... for

Way-in-gun ... will walk

Wot-too ... an opossum

Wok-ka ... on top of

Woor-roon ... loud

Wung=ga ... to dance

Wor-rine ... flat

Wot-thee ... mad

Wor-ra-kee ... to see

Wom-mo ... fat

Wah-kun ... a crow

Wy-yee ... a pup

War-ra-pa-mee-nung ... be quiet

Wee-ya ... to tell

Wong-ghu ... a corroboree

Wol-lun ... the head

Wol-lun yer-ra-kee ... a head-ache

Wee-yuh ... was it (word of interrogation)

Wol-loo-ya ... a large kangaroo

Woong-un ... the youngest sister

Wok-kha ... air

Win-no, weona ... spring

Wil-ling ... the lip

Wur-ring ... the left arm

Wok-kul ... the shoulder

Wut-ta ... fire

Win-yal-la ... burnt (past tense)

Waru-boyn ... kangaroo

Wit-too ... the neck

Wor-rin ... a stream

Wok-kool ... one

Wit-ta-kit ... the emu

Wal-lin-gul-ga ... the native bee

Woo-ya ... to hear

Wil-la ... to stone

Wi-la ... black cockatoo

Won-gul-lin ... a corroboree

Woo-roo-ma ... the westerly wind

Wor-ree-a ... a young swan

Wun-gl ... how

War ra gub-ba gnd ... pregnant

Woor-roo-bung ... the jew lizard

Wee-ree ... to sweep

Wor-rung ... frost

Wun-na ... to listen

Wun-yimbo wunyimbo ... always

Wad-yeo-deo ... bad, ill, sick

Yoon-goo ... a mountain

Yal lo-wal-lin ... sitting

Ya-ree ... or

Yar-rin ... light (in weight)

Yar-ruh ... to swim

Yur-reel ... a cloud

Yal0lowa ... the north east

Yer-reea ... evening

Yoo-kul ... the heart

Yup-pee ... to ti-trees

Yuk-ree ... the wommera

Yur-ra ... the sky

Yum-bine ... the scrotum

Yu-ka ... the flathead fish

Yun na ... to walk

Yoo-ra Yoo-ra ... slow

Yen-dheo-reo ... the eyebrows

Yal-lowa ... to sit down

Yoo-ra-ba-lee la ... to hide

Yan-da-meo-nor ... right

Yee-boo ... to finish

Yoo-lun ... to skin

Ya-ka ... mahogany

Ya-ree ... or

Yoom-broo ... in

Yar reo-nuin-ba ... our

Yit-tuh ... blunt

Yoon-nur-ra ... awkward

Yer-a-kee Yer-rakee ... painful


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